一、1.Vocabulary and Structure
0. The last decade______ tremendous changes in the means of transportation.
1. When they entered the room, they found the windows open and something______.
B．to be stolen
2. You can join us for this activity______you follow these rules strictly.
A．on condition that
彩39彩票登陆3. The research scientists often meet with problems______new types of instruments for their solution.
彩39彩票登陆4. The house is well decorated______the disarrangement of a few photos.
D．in addition to
彩39彩票登陆5. Without computers, we ______ the tremendous medical advancement in the last few decades.
A．would not make
B．will not have made
C．could not make
D．couldn't have made
6. The tree, the branches______ are almost bare, is a very old one.
7. What's done is done. It's no use ______ anyone for it.
彩39彩票登陆D．to be blaming
彩39彩票登陆8. It is the boy's laziness that______his failure in the exam.
彩39彩票登陆9. I can't______ this type of computer, it's too expensive.
彩39彩票登陆10. The students were assigned different tasks according to their______abilities.
11. Thank you for the ______you did me. to move the sofa upstairs.
12. As for quality of this model of color TV sets, the ones made in China are by no means ______those imported.
B．less inferior to
C．less inferior than
13. This well-known international organization was______several years ago.
14. The couples had to move to the north because they found it hard to______themselves to the hot climate in the south.
彩39彩票登陆15. I remembered______the door before I left the house.
16. I didn't hear______because there was too much noise where I was sitting.
A．what did he say
B．what he had said
C．what was he saying
D．what to say
17. George took :______of the fine weather to do a day's work in his garden.
彩39彩票登陆18. We found that the plane_____ when we got to the airport.
A．already took off
B．had already taken off
C．was already taking off
D．was already taken off
19. The sudden rise in oil prices led to an economic ______in the country.
20. The reason I didn't attend the lecture was simply______I got a bad cold that day.
21. California relies heavily on income from fruit crops, ______.
A．also does Florida
B．so Florida does
C．so does Florida
彩39彩票登陆D．Florida does either
彩39彩票登陆22. Such a reliable person as him won't make ______promises.
23. In English vocabulary, words of French______are not rare.
24. One new______to learning a foreign language is to study the language in its cultural context.
彩39彩票登陆25. Staring at the ruins of his house, he couldn't______ how the fire had broken out.
26. I didn't know what to do, but then an idea______ to me suddenly.
27. The government has lost a great deal of______because of the large increase in food price.
28. I continued to study______ the discouragement I had received.
彩39彩票登陆D．in spite that
29. They said I had given______ the whistle was worth.
A．, twice as many as
B．as twice many as
C．as twice much as
D．twice as much as
30. It is necessary to______ a large vocabulary in learning a language.
31. Many people in Africa seem to be ______ of the American way of life: driving everywhere.
32. One requirement for this job is that you must be______to work on weekends.
33. Rain does not______bring down the temperature.
34. Theory is based on practice and______ serves and guides practice.
1.In Western countries people have been using the installment (分期付款) plan since the first half of the twentieth century. Today, a large number of families in Great Britain buy furniture, household goods and cars by installment. In the U. S. , the figure is much higher than in Great Britain, and people there spend over 10 percent of their income on the installment plan.
The price of an article bought on installment is always higher than the price that would be paid by cash. There is a charge for interest. The buyer pays one quarter or one third of the price as a down payment (首期付款) when the goods are delivered to him. He then makes regular payments, weekly or monthly, until the full price is paid up. The legal ownership of the goods remains with the seller until the final payment has been made.
Installment buying has advantages and disadvantages. It can help couples with small incomes to furnish their homes and start housekeeping. It increases the demand for goods, and in this way helps business and employment. There is, however, the danger that when business is bad, installment buying may end suddenly, making business much worse. This may result in a great increase in unemployment. If the people on the installment plan lose their jobs, they will probably not be able to make their payments. If great numbers of people are not able to pay their installment debts, there is a possibility that businessmen cannot collect their debts and will therefore lose money. If businessmen lose money or fail to make a satisfactory profit, it becomes more likely to have a depression. This is why, in some countries, the government controls the installment plan by fixing the amount of the down payment and each of the following installments to discourage people from buying more than they can pay for on the installment plan.
Which of the following is NOT true about the installment plan?
A．A lot of British families use the installment plan.
B．More than 10 percent American families buy things on installments.
C．Americans depend more on installment than British people do.
彩39彩票登陆D．Americans spend more than one tenth of their incomes on, installment buying.
彩39彩票登陆 Goods bought on installments are more expensive than goods bought by cash because
A．the buyer has to pay extra money as interest
B．the delivery of the goods charges extra money
C．the buyer has to pay a down payment
D．the service offered by installment plan is much better
彩39彩票登陆 What will happen to a buyer if he fails to make the full payment for an item bought on installment?
A．He might lose his job.
B．He will not own the item he has bought.
C．He will have to sell what he has bought.
D．He will go into debt.
The advantage of installment buying might include all the following EXCEPT that _____.
A．purchasing power is strengthened
B．employment might be increased
C．people develop a good habit of saving money
D．young couples are able to furnish their homes
In some countries, the governments control the installment plan to______ .
B．increase people's income
C．ensure that businesses make good profits
彩39彩票登陆D．ensure that people can pay for what they buy
7.Publicity (宣传，报道) offers several benefits. There are no costs for message time or space. An ad in prime time television may cost $250, 000 or more per minute, whereas a five-minute report on a network newscast would not cost anything. However, there are costs for news releases (发布) , a publicity department, and other items. As with advertising, publicity reaches a mass audience. Within a short time, new products or company policies are widely known.
Credibility (可信度) about messages is high, because they are reported in independent media. A newspaper review of a movie has more believability than an ad in the same paper, because the reader associates independence with objectivity. Similarly, people are more likely to pay attention to news reports than ads. Readers spend time reading the stories, but they flip through (草草翻阅) the ads. Furthermore, there may be hundreds of ads in a magazine. Feature stories (专题报道) are much fewer in number and stand out clearly.
Publicity also has some significant limitations. A firm has little control over messages, their timing, placement (报道顺序) , or coverage. It may issue detailed news releases and find only small portions of them reported by the media; and media have the ability to be much more critical than a company would like. A firm may want publicity during certain periods, such as when a new product is introduced or new store opened, but the media may not cover the introduction or opening until after the time it would aid the firm. Similarly, media determine the placement of a story; it may follow a report on crime or sports. Finally, the media ascertain (确定) whether to cover a story at all and the amount of coverage to be devoted to it. A company-sponsored (赞助) job program might go unreported or receive three-sentence coverage in a local newspaper.
The author mentions all of the following advantages of publicity EXCEPT______.
A．having no time costs
C．having high credibility
D．having no space costs
彩39彩票登陆 People are more likely to believe in news reports than ads because ______; .
A．they reach a larger audience than ads do
B．they are all latest events
C．they appear in independent media
D．they are much more in number and stand out clearly
彩39彩票登陆 Which of the following is NOT a limitation of publicity?
B．Very detailed reporting.
C．Placement after a report on crime.
D．Being reported much less than. expected.
彩39彩票登陆 One of the reasons why feature stories seem more reliable than ads is that______.
A．they are more believable
B．they are more objective
C．they are more interesting
D．they are much fewer in number and stand out clearly
The last sentence in the last paragraph implies that______.
A．the placement of a story is not quite important
B．the report of a crime may not be true
C．local newspapers may not be interested in company-sponsored programs
彩39彩票登陆D．publicity is always successful
13.The idea behind "the rule of law" is that it is laws based on logical reasons and clear thinking that should govern social life. "We live under a rule of law, not of men. "American teachers tell their students. The students accept the idea. They believe that" no man is above the law, "and that laws apply equally to all people" no matter how wealthy they are, what their personal connections are, or what their stations in life are. Their faith in the rule of law explains the belief many Americans held, and many foreigners could not understand, that President Richard Nixon should be removed from office as a result of his behavior. in connection with what was called" Watergate Scandal (水门事件)". Nixon had broken the law and therefore should be punished, Americans believed, even if he was the President.
The belief in the rule of law goes beyond the area of politics to other areas of life that are governed by formal rules and procedures. To get a job with government institutions, for example, or to get government funding for a research project, one must follow published procedures and show that one meets the published requirements. Personal connections are not supposed to matter under the rule of law.
This is not to say that personal contacts, wealth, and social influence do not matter in situations where laws and rules are to be obeyed. They may, what is said above describes the ideal with which Americans agree. In reality, connections can sometimes help a person get a government job. Rich people can sometimes go unpunished for illegal behavior. that poor people would be likely to be punished for. But in general the rule of law prevails, and Americans are proud that it does.
The word "stations" (Line 5 , Para 1) is closest in meaning to______.
The writer mentions President Richard Nixon in the first paragraph in order to show that
A．no man is above the law
B．the president should make sure of the rule of law
C．the rule of law is important in politics
D．American people have the right to remove the president
It can be learned from the last paragraph that in the United States the rule of law______.
A．is not carried out as fully as it should be
B．makes poor people also likely to be successful
C．is, in reality, almost impossible to realize
D．makes sure that everyone is punished for his wrong doing
彩39彩票登陆 The pronoun" They" in the second line of the last paragraph refers to all of the following EXCEPT______.
B．laws and rules
The main idea of the last paragraph is______.
A．Americans are idealistic (理想主义的) about laws
B．rich people can sometimes go unpunished for illegal behavior
C．the American employment system is unfair
D．laws are more important than personal connections or influence in most cases in the US
19.Human cloning (克隆) technology could be used to reverse heart attacks. Scientists believe that they may be able to treat heart attack victims by cloning their healthy heart cells and injecting them into the areas of the heart that have been damaged, and other problems may be solved if human cloning and its technology are not forbidden.
With cloning, infertile couples could have children. Current treatments for infertility, in terms of percentages (百分比) , are not very successful. Couples go through physically and emotionally painful procedures for a small chance of having children. Many couples run out of time and money without successfully having children. Human cloning could make it possible for many more infertile couples to have children than ever before. We should be able to clone the bone marrow (骨髓) for children and adults suffering from leukemia (白血病). It is expected to be one of the first benefits to come from cloning technology.
We may learn how to switch cells on and off through cloning and thus be able to cure cancer. Cloning technology can be used to test for and perhaps cure gene-related diseases. The above are just a few examples of what human cloning technology can do for mankind.
This new technology promises unprecedented advancement in medicine if people will release their fears and let the benefits begin.
Heart attacks can be treated with human cloning technology by______.
A．removing the damaged part of the heart
B．replacing the old heart with a cloned one
C．repairing the heart with cells cloned from healthy ones
D．giving the patients injections of various medicines
The word" infertile" ( Line 1, Para, 2) most probably means "______".
A．unable to give birth to child
B．having physical and emotional problems
C．short of time and money
彩39彩票登陆D．separated from each other for long
彩39彩票登陆 Paragraph Two implies that in treating infertility, ______.
A．the percentage of successful treatments is very high when present methods are used
B．the present treatment is very cheap
C．the cloning technology costs less time and money in treating infertility
D．the cloning technology is more suitable for treating infertility than leukemia
The following are all examples of the benefits from the cloning technology EXCEPT
A．treating heart attack victims
B．releasing people's fears
C．treatment for infertility
According to the writer, the main problem with the development of human cloning technology is that______.
A．it may be out of human control
B．it has brought about few benefits so far
C．people still know little about it
D．people are afraid of such technology
1.We got up early this morning and【56】a long walk after breakfast. We walked【57】the business section of the city. I told you yesterday that the city【58】larger than I thought it would be. Well, the business section is smaller than I thought it would be. I suppose that's【59】Washington is a special kind of city.【60】of the people in Washington work for the government.
About 9:30 we went to the White House. It's【61】the public from ten【62】twelve, and there was a long line of people【63】to get in. We didn't have to wait very long, because the line moved pretty quickly.
The White House is really white. It【64】every year. And it seems very white, because it's got beautiful lawns【65】around it, with many trees and shrubs. The grounds【66】about four square blocks. I mean, they' re about two blocks long【67】each side.
Of course, we didn't see the whole building. The part【68】the president lives and works can not be visited by the public. But the part we saw was beautiful. We went through five of the main rooms. One of【69】was the library, on the ground floor. On the next floor, there are three rooms named【70】the colors that are used in them: the Red Room, the Blue Room, and the Green Room. The walls are covered with silk【71】There are【72】old furniture, from the time【73】the White House was【74】built. And everywhere there are paintings and statues of former presidents and【75】famous people from history.
C．A great deal
B．has been painted
D．had been painted
A．many pieces of
B．many bits of
C．a great many
0. 2010年广州将举办亚运会。你从报纸上得知广州亚运会组织委员会(Guangzhou Asian Games Organizing Committee)将招募志愿者(recruit volunteers)。请你以个人名义给组委会写一封申请信，说明你希望当一名志愿者。信中必须包括：